Throughout the ages, Bordeaux wine has played the rôle of protagonist on the world’s wine stage. The region’s reputation for fine wine is unsurpassed and its principles of wine production remain, to this day, a yardstick for other aspiring wine regions of the world.
“He who aspires to be a serious wine drinker, must drink Claret”
Samuel Johnson (1709 – 1784)
Bordeaux produces some of the world’s most famous red wines (and for that matter, some of the greatest sweet white wines). Over the centuries, its reputation for excellence has remained unequalled. The wine-drinking world has always sought out the fine wines of Bordeaux. The region also produces a mass of good quality, inexpensive everyday wines.
The history of wine production…
in Bordeaux dates back to when the Romans settled in St. Émilon and immediately established vineyards to gratify the Bacchanalian inclinations of their troops. Our Origins page traces the intriguing developments of the Bordeaux wine industry, over the centuries. It explains how the period between 1152 and 1453, when the region owed allegiance to the English crown, was fundamental to the development of Bordeaux’s burgeoning wine trade. The British, and soon afterwards the rest of the English-speaking world, rapidly developed a taste for Claret. The English description “Claret” derives from the French word “Clairet,” used to distinguish the light style red Bordeaux wines of that period, from the more robust reds of Portugal and Spain. The name Claret is still widely used today and applies to all red Bordeaux wines, while Clairet now refers to the rosé style wines of the region.
The traditions and established practices of the vineyards of Bordeaux span several centuries. The main wine growing districts extend along the left and right bank of the Gironde estuary and its tributaries, the Garonne and the Dordogne. The white wine producing district of Entre-Deux-Mers is so called because it lies between the latter two rivers. The whole region, with its districts further divided into small communes, has a fascinating history to relate.
Classification and tradition place the Bordeaux wine trade in its historical context. The Classification system of 1855 played a major rôle in the development of the world wine trade, as we know it today. Established in 1930, the AOC regulations for all French wine producing regions were also instrumental in defining accepted quality standards, not only in Bordeaux, but also throughout the rest of wine producing world.
Where does the Bordeaux wine industry stand today?
Bordeaux is very much in a state of transition. The status quo of this greatest of wine regions is under scrutiny and changes—some big changes—are happening. Bordeaux Today considers the competition that the region is facing from the mass of inexpensive, quality New World wines currently hitting the Map of France indicating Bordeaux regionexport market. The Bordelais are rising admirably to the challenge, balancing long-term vision with immediate, practical expediency. Significantly, the age-old, successful formula of producing red wines from mainly the Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Malbec and Petit Verdot grapes and the whites from the Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscadelle grapes, remains unchanged. The Bordeaux wine trade, wisely, is fighting back in other directions. It is, for instance, facing the price-war challenge head on. Not only are the vintners of Bordeaux succeeding in matching prices at the lower end of the red wine market, they are also competing with some excellent basic Bordeaux whites.